The most common type of premises liability claim is “slip and fall” or “trip and fall” where someone slips or trips on a slippery surface or on an irregular surface, falls down, and is injured. Other types of premises liability claims include: Falling objects; e.g., something falls off a high display shelf in a store and hits a customer; Activities on land; e.g., a spectator at a rodeo gets kicked by a cow.
Premises liability claims are governed by the Premises Liability statute (Colorado Revised Statute section 13-21-115). The Premises Liability statute defines who is a “landowner” and when landowners may be liable to persons injured on their land. “Landowners” are not limited to owners of land, but also include lessees, renters, persons conducting activities on land (e.g. a rodeo), and persons responsible for conditions on land (e.g., a landowner diverting water from his land onto another person’s land causing ice to form in the other person’s parking lot).